I have recently–within the past week–become obsessed with rain gardening.
If you aren’t familiar with the concept, a rain garden‘s purpose is to expedite replenishment of groundwater and to reduce pollution by harnessing the filtering power of soil and plants. In a residential setting, the homeowner chooses a site for the garden, perhaps where water tends to naturally flow or accumulate during heavy rains, but in general it’s sited between the house and wherever the water returns to the storm runoff system. The ground is excavated between 3 and 6 inches below the normal soil line, and the soil is amended with generous amounts of organic matter to create a filter bed. Swales help direct the flow of water into the rain garden and berms slow the flow out of the garden. The water sits there and drains into the surrounding ground slowly, filtered by the soil and the plants’ roots. The plants chosen for the bed should be resilient, able to withstand about 3 days of waterlogged soil, but also be accommodating of periods of drought. The bed should not retain water for longer than 3 days, or else become a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Believe me, I have enough of those as it is.
I’ve thought for some time that I should implement this technique in my garden, but inexplicably, the idea has grown from a casual to-do to an urgency.
I’m no artist. Don’t judge.
The sketch is certainly not to scale and not even entirely accurate in its general proportion, but we must start somewhere. It’s a south-facing garden sheltered by two massive oaks in the lower right-hand corner of the sketch, 56 and 61 inches in circumference at chest-height. There is an unsuccessful trellis (16’6″) on the east side, which, if it were successful, would screen the children’s swingset from view (it’s okay; I can still see them from the kitchen window). The east side is 7′ deep before it begins to curve in its smaller arc (20′) towards a patio of reclaimed brick, made from the chimney we took down a few years ago. I’ll tell you that story some day.
The outer arc is 36′ long. Most of these measurements are give-and-take a few inches, as I lacked a partner to help me measure.
When it rains heavily, water flows following the blue arrows (roughly):
And puddles like this:
- Take a virtual tour of Ballard’s rain gardens (myballard.com)
- Melbourne Water Encourages Australian Citizens to Build 10,000 Rain Gardens (inhabitat.com)
- Des Peres OKs rain garden, native plant project (stltoday.com)
- ANN LOVEJOY | Good looking, easy care native plants (kitsapsun.com)